Eid ul-Fitr

Eid ul Fitr marks the end of Ramadan, falling therefore on the first if shawwal. Fasting is forbidden on this day.

One should be careful that they do not swiftly return to those sins from which they abstained for a whole month. Many a young people on the day of Eid ul Fitr in this day and age go out to the cinemas, clubbing, hire out cars and drive up and down (Wilmslow road, Manningham lane and Southall spring to mind!) with loud music being pumped out from them. It is as if they wish to undo in a day all the good they worked for in the 29/ 30 days of Ramadan, and wish to make a brazen display of it. May Allah save us all from such behaviour and sins on Eid. EID MUBARAK to you all and I hope you read the information on Eid below.

Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said: “The heart of the person who remains awake (in Ibadat) during the night of Eidul Fitr and Eidul Adhaa will not die on the Day when hearts will be dead, i.e. the Day of Qiyaamah.” (TIBRANI)

The nights of both Eids, i.e. the nights preceding the Days of Eid, are auspicious occasions which should be observed with reverence and worship. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said that these nights are great occasions of Ibadat and of gaining the proximity and special Mercy of Allah Ta’ala. These holy nights, should therefore not be allowed to pass by in idleness. Full advantage should be taken of these opportunities by offering obedience and Ibadat unto Allah Ta’ala to the best of our abilities. Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness for sins), Tilaawat (reciting the Quran), Nafl Salaat, Durood, etc. should be profusely offered on these holy nights.

Among the rewards which will be obtained as a result of observing the sanctity of these glorious Eid Nights, the greatest reward is the tiding conveyed to us by Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) in the abovementioned Hadith, viz., the heart will not be smitten with terror and fear on the Day of (Qiyamah when the upheavals of that Day will be so fearsome that men will appear to be intoxicated.

Below is a lengthy but excellent article from Riyadul Jannah magazine (Vol 1 Issue 4), please do take the time out to read and benefit from it.

Ramadhan the Blessed Month
By Shaykhul Hadeeth Muhammad Zakariyya

Ibne Abbas radhiyallahu anhu says that he heard our Holy Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam say: jannah (paradise) is made fragrant with the sweetest perfumes in Ramadhaan. From the very beginning of the year till the end, it is brightly decorated for the coming of this blessed month.

And when the first night of Ramadhaan appears, a wind blows from beneath the Arsh (Throne). It is called Mutheera and causes the leaves of the trees of jannah to rustle and door handles to vibrate, thus giving forth such a melodious sound as had never been heard before. The dark-eyed damsels of jannah then step forth till they appear in the centre of the balconies of jannah, exclaiming, “Is there anyone praying to Allah for us that Allah may join us in marriage with him?” Then these damsels call out: “O Ridhwaan, Keeper of jannah! What night is this?” He replies: “Labbayk, it is indeed the first night of Ramadhaan, when the doors of jannah are opened to those who observe the fast from among the ummah of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.” Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam further said: Allah says, “O Ridhwaan, open the doors of jannah and O Maalik (Keeper of Jahannam), close the doors of Jahannam for those who fast from among the ummah of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. O Jibra’il, proceed down to the Earth and bind all the rebellious shayateen (devils), put them in chains, cast them in the oceans, so that they make no mischief, to spoil the fast of the ummah of My beloved Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam”. Allah commands a caller from the heavens to call out three times on every one of the nights of Ramadhaan: “Is there anyone begging of Me that I may grant him his desire? Is there anyone repenting to me that I may turn in mercy to him? Is there anyone begging my forgiveness that I may forgive him? Who is there who shall give a loan to the One whose wealth does not diminish, and the One Who duly pays back without any deductions.”

Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said further: Every day at the time of iftaar, Allah sets free one thousand souls from the fire of Jahannam who had previously been found deserving Jahannam. On the last night, He sets free as many more as had been set free throughout the month. On the night of Laylatul Qadr, Allah commands Jibra’il to descend to the earth with a large group of angels. They descend carrying a green flag, which is then planted on top of the Kaa’bah. Jibra’il alayhis salaam himself has one hundred wings, two of which are spread out on this night only. He spreads out these two wings so that their width extends from east to west. Jibra’il alayhis salaam then sends out the angels in all directions to offer salutation to anybody they find standing in prayer or sitting, performing salaat or celebrating the praises of Allah. They shake hands with them and say aameen to all their du’as (prayers) until dawn. When dawn comes, Jibra’il alayhis salaam calls out: “Depart O angels of Allah, depart.” The angels then inquire: “O, Jibra’il what did Allah do regarding the needs that the faithful ones from among the ummah of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam put before Him?” Jibra’il alayhis salaam replies: “Allah looked at them with Mercy and pardoned them all, except four kinds of people.”

Thereupon, we the sahaabah inquired: “Who are they, O Rasulullah?” Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam replied: “They are the ones who are addicted to wine, those disobedient to their parents, those who cut themselves off from their near relatives, and those who harbour ill-will against their fellow beings and break off relations with them.”

And then the night of Eidul Fitr, the night that is called Laylatul Jaa’izah, (the night of prize giving), comes along. On the morning of Eid, Allah sends down the angels to all the lands of the Earth, where they take their positions on all the streets and lanes, calling out with a voice that is heard by all except men and jinn: “O ummah of Muhammad, sallallahu alayhi wasallam come forth from your houses towards the Lord, Who is Noble and Gracious, Who grants abundantly and pardons the major sins.” When they proceed for their Eid salaat, Allah says to the angels: “What indeed is the reward of that employee who has rendered full service?” The angels reply: “O our Lord and Master, it is only right that he shall receive his reward in full for his services.” Allah then says: “I call you to witness, O My angels, that for their having fasted for Me during the month of Ramadhaan, and for their having stood before Me in prayer by night, I have granted to them as a reward of My pleasure and have granted them forgiveness. O My servants, ask now of Me, for I swear by My Honour and Greatness, that whatsoever you shall beg of Me this day in this assembly of yours for the needs of your Hereafter, I shall grant you; and whatever you shall ask for your worldly needs, I shall grant what is to your advantage. By My Honour do I swear, as long as you shall obey My commands, I shall cover up your faults. By My Honour and My Greatness do I swear, that I shall never disgrace you in front of the transgressors and disbelievers. Return now from here; you are forgiven. You have indeed pleased Me, and I am pleased with you.”

The Angels, on seeing this great reward bestowed upon the ummah of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam on the day of Eid, become greatly pleased and happy.

We see in this hadeeth that there are a few people who are deprived of the general forgiveness in Ramadhaan and are unfortunate indeed in not being able to get a share even on the morning of Eid. Among them are those who fight and quarrel among themselves and those disobedient to their parents. One may well ask them: “You have displeased Allah, and having done so, what other refuge do you now have?” We feel indeed sad that, for some worldly gain or honour, you have made yourselves the target for the curse of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and Jibra’il, while at the same time being excluded from Allah’s freely granted forgiveness. You may have gained a temporary victory over your adversary and gained some worldly honour, but this short-lived gain will avail nothing when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam’s curse is on you, confirmed by Jibra’il, and you are being refused Allah’s forgiveness and mercy. I implore you, my dear brothers and sisters, think about your position at this moment and desist from all your quarrels. There is still time to repair and repent today. Tomorrow you shall have to stand before a Judge, before Whom no rank, honour, position or wealth shall avail you – a Judge before Whom only your actions shall count and Who is aware of your movement. Remember that Allah may forgive our failings as far as our relationship with him is concerned, but will not forgive, without equivalent penalty, the transgressions in our relations with our fellow-men.

Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, “The bankrupt one from among my ummah is that person, who shall appear on the day of Qiyaamah, bringing with him righteous deeds like salaat, sawm (fast) and charity; but he had also sworn at someone, falsely accused someone else, and hurt someone, with the result that all these people shall come forward with complaints against him bearing witness against him. As a penalty, his good deeds shall be taken away and given to the injured ones. And when his good deeds are exhausted in this manner, their sins shall be loaded upon him (when he is not able to pay the full penalty through lack of good deeds); because of this load he shall enter Jahannam.” So we see that, in spite of many good deeds, he shall be in great despair.

This hadeeth also states that the night before the day of Eid is called the night of prize giving, the night when Allah gives a reward to his servants who should also properly value this night. It is usual that, once an announcement is made that next day is Eid, the majority of us (including the good Muslims) feel fatigued because of Ramadhaan and prefer on this night to enjoy rest and sleep, whereas this too is a valuable night that should be spent in ibaadah. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said: “Whoever stays awake for ibaadah on the night preceding either Eid, with the aim of gaining reward, his heart shall not die on that day when hearts shall wither”. The meaning here is that at the time when evil will have over-powered everybody, his heart shall stay alive (guarded against evil). It may also perhaps refer to the time when the trumpet shall be blown to hold the Day of Judgement (Qiyaamah), on that day his soul shall not become unconscious.

Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam is also reported to have said, “Whoever stays awake for ibaadah (prayers) on the following nights shall enter jannah; Laylatul Tarwiyah (the night after the 7thZil-Hajjah), Laylatul Arafa (the night after the 8thZil-Hajjah), Laylatun Nahr (the night after the 9thday of Zil-Hajjah), the night preceding Eidul Fitr, and the night preceding the 15th of

The Jurists of Islam have written that it is mustahab (desirable) to remain in ibaadah (prayers) on the nights of both Eids. Imaam Shaafi’ee is reported to have said that prayers are answered on the nights ofFriday (the night after the day of Thursday), the nights before two Eids and on the night preceding the 15th of Sha’baan.

I beg and implore all readers to pray for me, the humble writer of these pages, during those special hours (of acceptance) in Ramadhaan. Do mention me too in your prayers and Allah may in his Infinite Grace and Mercy, also bestow His Grace and Pleasure upon me.

Night of Power

Surah 97: Al qadr (The Night of Power) mentions that in this night the Quran was revealed, and relates the virtue of this night, which is equal to a thousand months in the sight of Allah. At this point it is worth noting the Quran was not revealed during the Night of Power in its entirety to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), but over the course of 23 years from Angel Jibra’il to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Ibn Abbas (raa) said: The whole Qur’an was revealed to the lower heavens from the protective slate (Lawhul Mahfuz) on the Night of Power, then from there to the earth in the course of 23 years.

It is estibleshed that previous Ummats would live for much longer spells than the Ummat of Muhammad (pbuh) and so the Night of Power is a means by which one can compete, with previous ummats, in good deeds with regards to quantity. Subhanallah, that Allah has given us the ability to amass deeds equivalent to 83 years plus, for those fortunate enough to be engaged in ibaadat during that blessed night. Then, just imagine if you were to worship Allah on the Night of Power for 15 or 20 years, you would receive reward equal to 1245 or 1660 years of worship!!

So which is the Night of Power?

Allah in His infinite wisdom has not disclosed exactly which night is the Night of Power, but Ahadith and commentators of the Quran mention it should be sought in the odd nights of the last 10 in the month of Ramadan:

Hazrath Aisha (Radhiallaahu Anha) reported that the Apostle of Allah said: "Search for the Blessed Night in the odd (nights) from the last ten (nights) of Ramadhaan." (Bukhari)

Look for the night of power among the odd numbered nights of the last ten days of Ramadhaan. (Mishkaat)

Imam Ibn Hajr, in his book, "Fathul Bari", in the commentary of the Book of Bukhari, said: “I accept the ruling that the night occurs on the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan, namely the twenty-first, twenty-third, twenty-fifth, twenty-seventh and or twenty-ninth.”

One of the beautiful wisdoms of the Night of Power being unknown to us is that we strive and increase our ibadat in the last 10 days of Ramadan seeking reward and the pleasure of Allah (swt), and for this we will receive much reward anyway, inshallah, irrespective of whether a particular night was the Night of Power or not. In this way we are encouraged to do more in the last ten nights than we might have otherwise done as well.

What to do on the night of Power

Whoever stands in prayer and worship in the night of power with Imaan and with sincere hope of gaining reward, all his previous sins are forgiven. (Muslim) Aaisha (RadhiAllaho anha) reports: "I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam), should I find myself the "Laylatul Qadr", what shall I pray. The Prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) replied: say,

أَللّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ كَرِيْمٌ  تُحِبُّ العَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنّيْ

‘Oh Allah, indeed You are most forgiving, You love to forgive, so forgive me.’ (Bukhari)

For obtaining the reward of this virtuous night, if possible, the whole night or most of the night should be spent in tilaawah (recital of Qur’aan) and reciting of Kalimah Tayyibah, Kalimah Tamjeed, Kalimah Tawheed, Istighfaar, Tawbah and performing Salaah etc. (Riyadul Jannah Magazine)

As an absolute minimum the men should perform their Isha and Fajr prayers on that night at the Masjid. Care should also be taken that remaining awake until late/ the whole night does not jeopardise the Fard Fajr prayer.

If staying in the Masjid/ staying up all night with friends, to seek the Night of Power, one should ensure that ibadat is given priority, too easy it would be to spend talking about islamically non beneficial things and in some cases one may fall into the trap of backbiting/ slandering/ speaking ill of someone which is most definitely the opposite to the goal one is trying achieve and had intention for.

The worship and the vigil of the Night of Power are a treat to the soul. The heart tends to melt into tears of heartfelt gratitude. The body is in a state of angelic ecstasy The soul strives to reach nearer to Almighty Allah. In this holy month of Ramadhaan let us strive to seek the Night of Power and its bliss. May Allah reward us with His bountiful blessings.

Please remember this servant of Allah in your Duas also.

Essential Reading:
Night of Power by Jamiatul Ulama
Night of Power by Jamiat.co.za
Night of Power Tafsir of Surah 97- Al Qadr

Ibaadat of Iftaar

A very important act related to Saum (Fasting) is Iftaar or to break the fast at its appropriate time. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) emphasised the importance and the virtues of correct observance of Iftaar. Correct observance of Iftaar means to observe it in the Sunnat way. Although Iftaar is ostensibly a mundane act of eating some food, it is an ibaadat of much thawaab (reward) as well. However, Iftaar will be bereft of its spirituality and ibaadat dimension if it is not observed in the Masnoon manner.


It should be well understood that Iftaar is not feasting. It is not an act to discharge gluttonously or with impatience. It is a spiritually pleasurable act or should be so. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said that the Saa-im (the fasting person) experiences two moments of happiness or pleasure. The one moment is when he makes Iftaar and the other moment will be the occasion when he meets his Rabb (in the Aakhirah).

This pleasurable exercise should not be contaminated and ruined with greed and impatience when it is time to end the fast. The Masnoon method of breaking the fast is to eat some dates or to drink some water. It should not be transformed in a veritable feast with heavy foods as has become the norm in most places. Instead of the light Iftaar which was the practice of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and his Sahaabah, people have developed the greedy and impatient habit of stuffing their bellies with food of a variety of kinds while the Athaan is in progress. They are consequently deprived of the thawaab of responding to the Athaan. They suffer the loss of the Sunnat acts of responding to the Athaan and of the Masnoon light Iftaar which is not only spiritually beneficial but which is physically beneficial as well. The sudden avalanche of food which descends into the stomach which has become contracted as a result of the day-long abstention from food and water, leads to disorders in the body. The repercussion of such disorders can be severe and very harmful for even the physical health.

The excessive feasting at the time of Iftaar leads to spiritual lethargy, indigestion and delay in beginning of the Maghrib Salaat. To gain the best rewards of Iftaar, spiritual and physical, it is necessary to break the fast with only some dates or water. The Maghrib Salaat should then commence almost immediately after the Athaan, perhaps three or four minutes after the Athaan, not 10, 15 and even 20 minutes after the Athaan as has been observed in some places where people feast like gluttons. In this way, they detract from the benefits of the Saum. The best results of ibaadat can be acquired only if the proper Masnoon method is adopted.

Source: http://www.themajlis.net

Virtues of Iftari


Hadhrat Sahal (Radhiallaahu Anhu) narrates that the holy Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“The people will remain prosperous so long as they hasten in breaking their fast (at the time of Iftaar).”

Hadhrat Abu Hurayra (Radhiallaahu Anhu) narrates that the holy Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Allah Ta’ala said, ‘The most beloved of my servants in my sight are those who hasten when breaking fast’.”

Hadhrat Salman bin Amir (Radhiallaahu Anhu) narrates that the holy Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“When one of you breaks his fast he should do so with dates for they provide blessing, but if he cannot get any he should break his fast with water for it is purifying.”

Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallaahu Anhu) narrates that the holy Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Not a single prayer made by a fasting person at the time of breaking fast (iftaar) is rejected.”
[Ibn Majah]

Please remember this servant of Allah in your daus as well.

Virutes of Sehri

Virtues of Sehri
by Sheikhul Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya

Ibn Umar (Radhi Allaho anho) relates: Rasulullah (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) said: ‘Verily Allah and His Malaa’ikah send Mercy upon those who eat ‘Sehri’ (sower-Suhoor).”

How great is Allah’s favour upon us that even the partaking of food before dawn for fasting is so greatly rewarded. There are many Ahaadith in which the virtues of “Sehri” are expounded and the rewards mentioned. Allaamah Ain – Commentator on Bukhari – has quoted the virtues of “Sehri” from seventeen different ‘Sahaabah’ and all the “Ulama” are agreed on its being “Mustahab” (desirable). Many people are deprived of this great reward because of their own laziness. Some even go so far as to finish ‘Taraweeh’, eat (what they suppose to be “Sehri’!) and go to bed. What great blessings do they lose! “Sehri” actually means partaking of food shortly before dawn. Some authorities say that the time for “Sehri” commences after half the night has passed (Mirquat). The author of Kash-shaff (Zamakhshari) divided the night into six portions, stating that the last one of these is the time of “Sehri”; so that, when the night (from sunset till dawn) extends over twelve hours, the last two hours would be the correct time for “Sehri”. Then it must also be remembered that to eat at the latest possible time is better and greater in reward than eating earlier, subject to the condition that no doubt remains as to whether “Sehri” had been eaten before the time of dawn. The Ahaadith are full of virtues of “Sehri”.

Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) said: ‘The difference between our fasting and that of the Ahlul-Kitaab (Jews and Christians) lies in our partaking of food at “Sehri” which they do not.” The Prophet has said, “Eat Sehri, because in it lie great blessings; and again. “In three things, are the great blessings: in “Jama’ah” (company), in eating “Thareed” and in “Sehri”. In this Hadith, the use of the word “Jama’ah” is general, wherefrom we deduce that it includes “Salaat” with “Jamaa’ah” and all those righteous deeds done in company, as thus Allah’s help comes to them. “Thareed” is a tasty preparation, in which baked bread is cooked with meat. The third thing mentioned in this Hadith is “Sehri”. When Rasulullah (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) used to invite any of the companions to eat “Sehri” with him, he used to say: “Come and partake of blessed food with me.” One Hadith says: “Eat ‘Sehri’ and strengthen yourself for the fast. And sleep in the afternoon (Siesta), so as to gain assistance in waking up in the latter portion of the night (for “Ibaadah”).” Abdullah bin Haarith (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that one of the Sahaaba said: “I once visited Rasulullah (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) at a time when he was busy in partaking of ‘Sehri’. Rasulullah then said: “This is a thing full of blessings, which Allah has granted you. Do not give it up.” Rasulullah (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) in urging us repeatedly for ‘Sehri’ has said: “Even though there be no food, then one date should be eaten or a drink of water taken.” Thus, when there are definitely great advantages and reward in ‘Sehri’, Muslims should endeavour to observe this practice as much as possible. However, in all things moderation is important, and going beyond the bounds of moderation is harmful: neither should so little be eaten that one feels weak throughout the period of fasting, nor should so much be eaten that it causes discomfort. Repeatedly, we have been prohibited from filling the stomach excessively.

In his commentary on “Sahih Bukhari”, Ibne Hajar has mentioned various reasons for the blessedness of “Sehri”:

    Because in it, the ‘Sunnah’ is followed.
    Through “Sehri”, we differentiate ourselves from the ways of Ahlul-Kitaab, which we are at all times called upon to do.
    It provides strength for “Ibaadah”
    It promotes greater sincerity in “Ibaadah”
    It aids in elimination of bad temper, which normally comes about as result of hunger.
    ‘Sehri’ is the time when prayers are accepted.
    At the time of ‘Sehri’, one gets the opportunity to remember Allah, makes Dhikr and lifts up the hand to Him in prayer.

These are a few of the major reasons; there are many others as well. Some ‘Sufis’ are in doubt as to whether the eating of ‘Sehri’ conflicts with the object of fasting or not. They maintain that the object of fasting is to stay away from food, drink and sexual desires, therefore ‘Sehri’ is against the object of fasting. In my opinion the amount to be eaten varies according to different persons and their activities. Foe example, for those students who are busy seeking knowledge of ‘Deen’, too little food at ‘Sehri’ as well as ‘Iftaar’ will be harmful; for them it is better not to have too little, because they seek ‘Deeni’ knowledge, which is very important (for the preservation and spread of Islam). similar is the case of those who are busy with ‘Dhikr’ and other ‘Deeni’ activities. Other people who have no such hard work to do should eat little at ‘Sehri’.

Once Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) announced to those proceeding for ‘Jihaad’: ‘There is no virtue in fasting while travelling.’ That was in the month of Ramadhaan, when some Sahaaba were fasting. Allamah Sha’raani mentions in Sharh Iqna: ‘A covenant was made with us that we shall not fill our stomachs (completely) when eating, especially in the nights of Ramadhaan.’ It is better that one should eat less in the nights of Ramadhaan than on other nights. After all, what is the utility of fasting after having filled oneself at ‘Sehri’ and ‘Iftaar’? the religious divines have said, ‘Whoever remains hungry in Ramadhaan shall remain safe from the evil of ‘Shaytaan’ throughout the year, until the next Ramadhaan.’

Sharah Ihya Ulumuddin mentions the experiences of some saints, such as Sahl bin Abdullah Tastari, who used to eat only once every fifteen days, while in Ramadhaan he ate only one morsel; but in order to follow the Sunnah, he used to have a drink of water daily for ‘Sehri’ and ‘Iftaar’. Shaykh Junayd always used to fast throughout the year. However, when his noble friends would visit him occasionally, he used to break his fast and eat with them, saying, ‘The virtue of breaking fast and eating with (such noble) friends is not less than that of ‘Nafl’ fasting.

Similarly, we can mention the experiences of numerous saints who through eating less used to discipline their inner-selves, but let us bear in mind that it should not be carried to such extremes that the’religious’ activities and responsibilities are neglected, as a result of weakness of the body.
Virtues of Ramadhaan

A Ramadan Dua

Allah during this month, accept my fast as the fast of those whose fast is acceptable to Thee. Accept my standing up in Salaat as the standing up of those whose Salaat is acceptable to Thee. Keep me awake during this month and free me from the desires of the insensible persons. in this holy month forgive my sins and errors, O the One worshipped in all the Universe. Pardon me, O the One who pardons the sinners.
recieved by email from Zaheer Mahomed

Sehri Dua

When beginning the fast – Suhur (sehri)
وَبِصَوْمِ غَدٍ نَّوَيْتَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ
I intend to keep the fast for tomorrow in the month of Ramadan
[Abu Dawud]